What is a watershed?
A watershed is a topographically delineated area collecting rain water and drained by river to a common outlet.
What is INWARD?
The watershed plays a critical role in the sustenance of its surrounding environment
It is a rich source of economically valuable
The watershed also provides domestic, agricultural, and ecological water maintenance services. It is also a haven for several communities that depend greatly on the watershed for its livelihood.
Many of our watersheds today are however degraded and threatened. Climate change has emerged as one of the formidable threats to the sustainability of many watersheds. Intense climate change will put additional pressure on ecosystems, water, land, biodiversity and other resources, and will increase the vulnerability of most of the sectors of society. As the watersheds are put under mounting pressure from multi-natural and anthropogenic stressors (i.e., population growth, industrialization, urbanization, and climate change), science becomes essential to watershed management. The sustainability and the stability of the ecosystems in the watershed will be in serious jeopardy in the absence of appropriate intervention. There is, therefore, a need to map out deliberate course of strategies that will improve the management of the watersheds amid the increasing stress factors arising from growing population and the pursuit of development goals. An integrated and sustainable watershed management plan using the landscape continuum approach will be useful in guiding and organizing the use of land and other watershed resources. Knowledge generation and management along with technology development and dissemination will be essential to achieve these.
This project will be part of the network of watershed research centers that will be established in the country for database generation on Philippine watershed for future assessments of land use impacts and climate change on watershed functions. It involves the characterization and instrumentation of the learning watersheds following a standard procedure and a uniform set of instrumentation for the entire network-member watersheds. It is envisioned to be the basis for all decisions concerning the sustainable management of watersheds in the country.